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1. topic is “How might the combined effects of an aging population and increasing numbers of immigrants alter Canada’s population distribution?”

the answer is no longer than 450 words (not including reference) and need at least three reference.

2.and write a response should be no longer than 300 words (not including reference) and need at least three reference.

Walking on King’s Street in Toronto, it is hard to imagine Canada being a sparsely populated and unevenly distributed country. As of 1 January 2019, the population of Canada was estimated to be 37,589,262 people (Statistics Canada, 2019), and at least three million of them live abroad. Canada is a country with a relatively small population. The main problem is the aging of the population. Canada’s current population growth is entirely dependent on immigration. The Canadian population will be increasingly aging. Especially in the next 20 years, the proportion of the population aged 65 and over will grow rapidly. Because the baby boomer generation reached 65 years old. By 2068, the proportion of people aged 65 and over will reach 21.4% to 29.5%
(Statistics Canada, 2018).

Statistics Canada released its latest report on September 17, saying that by 2068, Canada’s population will nearly double (Statistics Canada, 2019), and most of the population growth is the result of continued immigration. But population growth may vary across the country, with populations increasing in some provinces and regions, while others are decreasing. Immigration remains the main driver of Canada’s population growth over the next 50 years. Canada currently accepts an average of 250,000 immigrants per year, which is close to twice the natural growth rate of Canada’s population (Statistics Canada, 2018).

Due to the different population growth in the provinces, Canada’s population will still be unevenly distributed. population growth in Ontario and Alberta will account for more than half of Canada’s projected population growth from 2018 to 2068. And Alberta’s population growth rate will be the highest in Canada’s provinces in the next 25 years, an increase of 53.7%. By 2043, the population of Alberta will be between 6 million and 7.3 million inhabitants, while in 2018 the province has a population of 4.3 million. Most data shows that Quebec’s population is growing at a slower rate than elsewhere in Canada. In 2018, Quebec’s share of Canada’s total population was 22.6%. The Bureau of Statistics predicts that by 2043, this ratio will fall between 20.1% and 20.6%. The three grassland provinces which are Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba, have a combined population in 2043 and are expected to surpass Quebec. The population of the Atlantic province is estimated to generally have low growth and even negative growth (Statistics Canada, 2019).

In fact, the aging of the population does not affect Canada’s population distribution, but the number of immigrants will make Canada’s population more uneven. Because sparsely populated provinces do not have enough jobs and business plans to attract immigrants. On the contrary, metropolises with dense populations are more attractive to immigrants, because there are more markets in places where there are more people.


Statistics Canada. (2019, September 30). Canada’s population estimates, second quarter 2019. Retrieved from https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/190930/dq190930f-eng.htm.

Generations in Canada. (2018, July 23). Retrieved from https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/as-sa/98-311-x/98-311-x2011003_2-eng.cfm.

Statistics Canada. (2018, May 17). Population growth: Migratory increase overtakes natural increase. Retrieved from https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/11-630-x/11-630-x2014001-eng.htm.

Statistics Canada. (2019, September 17). Population projections: Canada, provinces and territories, 2018 to 2068. Retrieved from https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/190917/dq190917b-eng.htm.