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one page lit review

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Please write one-page review of the resources provided below about ‘general terrorism’ so basically review all those citations and then write a review of it. You should cite all five references below in your review.

The study of contemporary extremism is rather fluid, making it imperative to access up to date information. Hayat Alvi’s piece on both the history and current standing of terrorism in Africa will provide this paper with a much needed boost in terms of relevant information; furthermore, the ability to analyze other groups in Al-Shabaab’s vicinity will further assist in framing the study of their communication systems and capabilities.

In order to assess and quantify specific themes and markers within Al-Shabaab’s multimedia propaganda, it is vital to understand their goals as an organization, as well as a part of the broader jihadist movement. With what seems to be a focus on establishing local Islamic rule, this approach has transcended to the larger movement, thus tying in with other extremist organizations. Andrew Glazzard’s work will provide information on this, allowing us to better frame our inquiries on their goals and target audiences.

  • 3-Kfir, Isaac. “Al-Shabaab , Social Identity Group, Human (In)Security, and Counterterrorism.” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, vol. 40, no. 9, Sept. 2017, pp. 772–789. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/1057610X.2016.1236569.

A major theme that arises when studying Al-Shabaab is their tendency to reach out to different groups, playing local tribes against one another to their advantage. It should come as no surprise that their rhetoric and overall propaganda mission is multifaceted in order to reach an array of different types of individuals. Isaac Kfir’s article on Al-Shabaab will prove pivotal in framing this dangerous approach as it highlights their discourse and subsequent actions; naturally, this can assist in uncovering which populations Al-Shabaab is targeting with propaganda and why they were selected.

  • 4-Lia, Brynjar. “Understanding Jihadi Proto-States.” Perspectives on Terrorism, vol. 9, no. 4, 2015, pp. 31–41. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/26297412.

Prior to Daesh (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant / ISIL) the general consensus of the Jihadists around the world was that the most successful examples of Islamic Rule in the modern world was from the Taliban in Afghanistan and the Islamic Courts in Somalia. Daesh has been the most recent attempt at an Islamic run state and this article defines the concept of a Jihadi proto-state, which is best explained as a state, region, or area ran by extremist Islamist ideologies. This paper lists all known Jihadi proto-states, their time-frame of operations as well as if foreign fighters were involved in their operations from 1989 to 2015.

  • 5-Tinnes, Judith. “Bibliography: Foreign Terrorist Fighters.” Perspectives on Terrorism, vol. 12, no. 5, 2018, pp. 121–159. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/26515465.

This bibliography is a reference of a over 38 pages full of links to journal articles and academic writings discussing specific foreign fighters. It was gathered in 2008 and acts as a resource of foreign fighters in terrorist organizations abroad. Some of the articles detail specific propaganda and types of propaganda that encouraged foreign fighters to travel to join terrorist groups. Three or more of the articles listed regard foreign fighters who have joined al-Shabaab.